The saz is a long-necked subfamily of lute. It evolved in Persia and is still popular in Turkey. Depending on the size, it has 10-19 movable frets which include several quarter-tone positions. Also depending on size, it has 6 or 8 strings, with 3 courses being the most common configuration. A unique feature is that the middle course of strings is tuned to the lowest note. There are many tuning possibilities. The most common being ADG. NOTE: the lowest note, D, is tuned on the middle course of strings, A on the lower course, and G on the upper course.
*NOTE* Please expect the finish on the Turkish Saz to show dimples in the light. A perfectly smooth, unblemished, finish is nearly impossible to obtain with the technology employed in the Old-World finish process. These are handmade instruments and such dimples are common and unavoidable. Appearance may vary slightly from photos.